Age 3 through 6th Grade

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Second Grade Overview

Second graders programming a "beebot"

Hosting Authors’ Showcases, creating Brown Bag Book Reports, assuming the identity of a famous person – these are just a few of the highlights of second grade at Community. 

At this level, children work independently, as well as cooperatively in small groups. They begin to learn the skills of self-editing.

Another fun project this year is the Book Chain. Every time students read a book, they get to add a link to a paper chain that soon stretches around the classroom. In the spring, the chain goes outside, where students must investigate multiple ways to estimate and measure its length. No small feat, considering that most years, the chain is over 200 feet long!

The over-arching theme of second grade is citizenship. What does it mean to be a citizen of the United States? Of the world? Other units include the Constitution, biographies of people who have made significant contributions to the world, geography and cultures, and India.

Literature/Language Arts

  • Use a graphic organizer for factual information
  • Continue developing the writing process with a focus on narrative, informative and opinion pieces
  • Identify common and proper nouns, action verbs and descriptive words
  • Define, identify and write a declarative sentence
  • Demonstrate word attack skills using phonetic analysis
  • Demonstrate structural analysis skills
  • Use self-correction strategies
  • Recognize word relationships in analogies
  • Utilize various comprehension strategies
  • ake inferences
  • Express personal opinions in written form about materials read
  • Use word attack skills when reading aloud
  • Participate in book discussions
  • Practice reading a variety of genres


  • Use concrete and pictorial models to create sets
  • Group objects into hundreds, tens and ones
  • Count by 1s, 5s, 10s and 100s
  • Use base ten models and place value charts to represent numbers up to 1,000
  • Compose and decompose multi-digit numbers
  • Connect geometric concepts with unit fractions
  • Compare and order halves, thirds and fourths using bar models
  • Solve addition and subtraction money problems
  • Use bar models to represent multiplication and division
  • Develop foundation for studying area
  • Compare and measure lengths using customary and metric units
  • Measure volume
  • Find elapsed time
  • Collect, organize and represent data in different ways
  • Find missing terms in table patterns
  • Use the distributive property as a multiplication strategy
  • Use technology to model and draw
  • Solve real world problems with addition, subtraction, multiplication, division and measurement
  • Conduct mathematical investigations across the curriculum and explain the results

Social Studies

  • Demonstrate a sense of fairness and order, rights and responsibilities
  • Take leadership roles within the classroom
  • Recognize how each individual plays multiple and varied roles in society
  • Extend understanding of themselves and the world
  • Examine similarities and differences between thinking, feelings and actions of self and others
  • Research “contributors” to our world
  • Country of study: India


  • Theme: Our Changing Earth
  • Learn basic inquiry skills that scientists use: predict, observe, classify, question, compare, measure
  • Label and describe the four layers of the earth
  • Examine rocks and minerals and identify their properties
  • Classify rocks into sedimentary, igneous, and metamorphic
  • Identify weathering and erosion as factors that cause the earth to change
  • Construct model volcanoes, earthquakes, crystals and caves, and learn their role on earth
  • Learn how fossils form and what they tell us about plants and animals of long ago
  • Examine and create fossils to simulate how they form in nature
  • Explore properties of magnets, static electricity and the relationship between them
  • Learn the importance of water, rivers, watersheds, water treatments and engineering
  • Identify water pollutants and describe their influence on water ecosystems
  • Connect the necessity of water in the life cycle of plants and soil composition


  • Express needs
  • Describe physical traits
  • Describe placement
  • Indicate date
  • Introduce and practice grammar (partitive articles, aller, singular, possessives, negation, gender of nouns
  • Practice vocabulary (food, days of the week, clothing, months of the year, adjectives, furniture, school subjects)
  • Recognize printed form of vocabulary words
  • Explore French culture, celebrations, money and geography

Physical Education

  • Throw ball overhand
  • Perform skills at varying and graduating speeds
  • Perform weave run
  • Attempt proper distance running and sprinting form
  • Cross entire climbing wall
  • Perform core exercises
  • Master standard push up form using pushup pads
  • Atttempt punting a ball
  • Trap a ball with foot
  • Shoot basketball free throws
  • Play lead up games for upper grade units
  • Introduction into tournaments
  • Follow class leaders during tai chi
  • Explore orienteering and outdoor awareness
  • Perform floor skills in stunts and tumbling
  • Perform rhythmic naming from HealthRhythms protocol

Performing Arts


  • Learn introductory piano
  • Read rhythm and melody together on staff notation
  • Sight read rhythm and melody
  • Learn letter names of mi, re, and do
  • Play songs in the pentatonic scale
  • Conduct (4/4 and 2/4 time)
  • Recognize, read, sing and play whole notes and half notes
  • Sight read simple songs


  • Demonstrate competency in enunciation, projection, cheating out, expression, eye contact, and visualization
  • Use the tools of an actor to become a character
  • Work cooperatively to solve problems
  • Develop skills onstage to react to other characters
  • Learn how actors fit into stage pictures
  • Connect with audience through direct interaction
  • Perform Indian Folktales and Biographies

Visual Arts

Studio Art

  • Create tints and hues of various colors to enhance paintings
  • Distinguish emotional effects of warm and cool colors
  • Use a variety of textured materials in the printmaking process
  • Utilize repeated lines to create the illusion of texture
  • Create detailed backgrounds
  • Create large and small versions of a picture
  • Examine effects of extreme contrasts in black and white cut-outs
  • Work with formal, informal, and radial symmetry
  • Maintain scale in reproductions by using a grid
  • Connect concepts from art to social studies and math
  • Compare and contrast analogous situations
  • Evaluate pictures to determine correct scaling and proportions
  • Illustrate a selection from a piece of literature
  • Create designs and patterns based on folk art methodology
  • Construct three-dimensional hollow forms in clay


  • Make individual design decisions affecting the outcome of the assigned project
  • Use half-round file as a shaping tool
  • Use a coping saw for cutting straight and curved lines
  • Choose and apply finish
  • Share completed project with class and teachers
  • Analyze quality of each project and set goals for improvement